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Effect of Vitamin D on the HMGB1/RAGE Pathway and Adipokines Levels in Obese Asthmatic Mice.

Compared to common asthma, obese asthma is difficult to control. Previous studies have shown that vitamin D (Vit D) has a therapeutic effect on asthma. Nevertheless, the action mechanism of Vit D for obese asthma are not well known. In this study, we, therefore, induced obesity and established an obese asthma mouse model using ovalbumin (OVA) stimulation and applied treatment with Vit D (100 ng/kg). Accordingly, thirty mice were randomly divided into 5 equal groups of normal control, asthma, obese asthma, asthma+Vit D, and obese asthma+ Vit D. The levels of inflammatory factors and adipokines were measured by the ELISA assay; then the quantitative reverse transcription PCR (qRT-PCR) method was used to evaluate the expression of high mobility group box 1(HMGB1) and receptor for advanced glycation end products [RAGE] genes.T he results showed that OVA sensitization significantly increased airway resistance, the levels of inflammatory cytokines, and HMGB and RAGE expression in asthmatic and obese asthmatic mice, as compared to the control group. Also, these changes in the obese asthmatic group were notably higher than those in the asthmatic one. In addition, the treatment of asthmatic and obese asthmatic mice with Vit D significantly reduced the raw, serum and BALF levels of inflammatory cytokines, as well as the expression of HMGB1 and RAGE mRNA. To conclude, the present study showed that vitamin D might attenuate lung injury by up-regulating HMGB1 and RAGE expression. Our findings, thus, may offer new concepts and approaches for the treatment and prevention of obese asthma.

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