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Reconstruction of dental roots for implant planning purposes: a retrospective computational and radiographic assessment of single-implant cases.

PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to assess the deviation between clinical implant axes (CIA) determined by a surgeon during preoperative planning and reconstructed tooth axes (RTA) of missing teeth which were automatically computed by a previously introduced anatomical SSM.

METHODS: For this purpose all available planning datasets of single-implant cases of our clinic, which were planned with coDiagnostix Version 9.9 between 2018 and 2021, were collected for retrospective investigation. Informed consent was obtained. First, the intraoral scans of implant patients were annotated and subsequently analyzed using the SSM. The RTA, computed by the SSM, was then projected into the preoperative planning dataset. The amount and direction of spatial deviation between RTA and CIA were then measured.

RESULTS: Thirty-five patients were implemented. The mean distance between the occlusal entry point of anterior and posterior implants and the RTA was 0.99 mm ± 0.78 mm and 1.19 mm ± 0.55, respectively. The mean angular deviation between the CIA of anterior and posterior implants and the RTA was 12.4° ± 3.85° and 5.27° ± 2.97° respectively. The deviations in anterior implant cases were systematic and could be corrected by computing a modified RTA (mRTA) with decreased deviations (0.99 mm ± 0.84 and 4.62° ± 1.95°). The safety distances of implants set along the (m)RTA to neighboring teeth were maintained in 30 of 35 cases.

CONCLUSION: The RTA estimated by the SSM revealed to be a viable implant axis for most of the posterior implant cases. As there are natural differences between the anatomical tooth axis and a desirable implant axis, modifications were necessary to correct the deviations which occurred in anterior implant cases. However, the presented approach is not applicable for clinical use and always requires manual optimization by the planning surgeon.

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