Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Diagnostic and prognostic contribution of DPD scintigraphy in transthyretin V30M cardiac amyloidosis.

BACKGROUND: Early diagnosis and prognostic stratification of cardiac transthyretin amyloidosis are crucial. Although 99m Tc 3,3-diphosphono-1,2-propanedicarboxylic acid (DPD) scintigraphy is the preferred method for the non-invasive diagnosis, its accuracy appears to be limited in transthyretin amyloidosis protein (ATTR) V30M mutation. Furthermore, its prognostic value in this mutation is unknown. This study investigated the diagnostic value of DPD scintigraphy to detect ATTR cardiomyopathy in V30M mutation and explored its prognostic value regarding mortality.

METHODS: A total of 288 ATTR V30M mutation carriers (median age: 46 years; 49% males) without myocardial thickening (defined as septal thickness ≥13mm) attributable to other causes and who underwent DPD scintigraphy were enrolled. ATTR cardiomyopathy was defined by septal thickness ≥13mm and at least one of the criteria: late heart-to-mediastinum (H/M) 123 I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) uptake ratio <1.60; electrical heart disease or biopsy-documented amyloidosis.

RESULTS: ATTR cardiomyopathy was identified in 41 (14.2%) patients and cardiac DPD uptake in 34 (11.8%). During a mean follow-up of 33.6 ± 1.2 months, 16 patients died (5.6%). Mortality was 14 times higher in patients with ATTR cardiomyopathy, 13 times higher in those with DPD uptake and 10 times higher in those with late H/M MIBG <1.60. The combined assessment of septal thickness and cardiac DPD uptake improved risk stratification: patients without septal thickening and without DPD retention had an excellent prognosis while those who presented either or both of them had a significantly worse prognosis, with 5-year mortality rates ranging from 39.9 to 53.3%.

CONCLUSIONS: DPD scintigraphy is useful for prognostic stratification of ATTR V30M mutation carriers. Patients without septal thickening and no DPD uptake present the best prognosis compared to those with any signs of cardiac involvement.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app