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Electrode array positioning after cochlear reimplantation from single manufacturer.

OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether revision surgery with the same device results in a change in three key indicators of electrode positioning: scalar location, mean modiolar distance (M¯), and angular insertion depth (AID).

METHODS: Retrospective analysis of a cochlear implant database at a university-based tertiary medical center. Intra-operative CT scans were obtained after initial and revision implantation. Electrode array (EA) position was calculated using auto-segmentation techniques. Initial and revision scalar location, M¯, and AID were compared.

RESULTS: Mean change in M¯ for all ears was -0.07 mm (SD 0.24 mm; P  = 0.16). The mean change in AID for all ears was -5° (SD 67°; P  = 0.72). Three initial implantations with pre-curved EAs resulted in a translocation from Scala Tympani (ST) to Scala Vestibuli (SV). Two remained translocated after revision, while one was corrected when revised with a straight EA. An additional five translocations occurred after revision.

CONCLUSIONS: In this study examining revision cochlear implantation from a single manufacturer, we demonstrated no significant change in key indicators of EA positioning, even when revising with a different style of electrode. However, the revision EA is not necessarily confined by the initial trajectory and there may be an increased risk of translocation.

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