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HIV/AIDS Knowledge, Depression, and HIV-Related Stigma Among Elderly Men in Rural China: A Hierarchical Regression Analysis.

This study explored the current status and influencing factors of HIV-related stigma among elderly men (≥50 years old) in rural Chengdu, China. A structured face-to-face interview survey was conducted among 286 elderly males from three towns in Chengdu using convenience sampling, 240 men (83.9%) who had heard of HIV/AIDS were included in the analysis. Hierarchical regression was used to examine the associated factors of HIV-related stigma, including demographic variables, HIV/AIDS knowledge level, receiving HIV/AIDS-related health education in the past year, depression, and anxiety, and to examine the moderating effect of educational level on HIV/AIDS knowledge and HIV-related stigma. Hierarchical regression analysis showed that men with lower HIV/AIDS knowledge scores, primary school or below educated, and depression had higher HIV-related stigma total score and social stigma dimensional scores than their counterparts. In addition, living alone was associated with higher HIV-related stigma, and elderly men with lower monthly income and those without HIV/AIDS-related health education in the past year had higher levels of social stigma. Higher HIV/AIDS knowledge score was significantly associated with lower HIV-related stigma level among those with middle school or above education level, but no such effect in those with primary school or below. In conclusion, the HIV-related stigma level among elderly men in rural Chengdu was high and positively associated with depression. HIV/AIDS education should target elderly men with low education, living alone, and low income, and interventions to promote mental health may work together to reduce HIV-related stigma in the rural elderly population.

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