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Type III congenital pulmonary airway malformation associated with oesophageal atresia and tracheoesophageal fistula. A case report and review of literature.

Congenital pulmonary airway malformation (CPAM) together with oesophageal atresia and tracheoesophageal fistula (TOF) is a very rare condition in neonates. We presented a case of an infant with Gross type C oesophageal atresia with TOF coexisting with Stocker Type III CPAM in our centre. It is interesting to know that TOF associated with type III CPAM has never been reported in the literature. The child was delivered through caesarean section, and because of respiratory distress post-delivery, endotracheal intubation was carried out immediately. CPAM was diagnosed by a suspicious finding from the initial chest X-ray and the diagnosis was confirmed through computed tomography scan of the chest. The patient was initially stabilised in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), and after the successful ligation of fistula and surgical repair of TOF, lung recruitment was started by high flow oscillatory ventilation. The patient recovered well without complications and able to maintain good saturation without oxygen support through the stay in the neonatal unit. Early recognition of this rare association is essential for immediate transfer to NICU, the intervention of any early life-threatening complications, and for vigilant monitoring in the postoperative period.

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