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Comparative Evaluation of Cranial Base Length and Flexure on Facial Parameters in Hypodivergent, Normodivergent and Hyperdivergent Patients: A Retrospective Cephalometric Study.

AIM: The aim of the study was to assess the influence of cranial base length (CBL) and Flexure on facial parameters in Hypodivergent, Normodivergent, and Hyperdivergent patients.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Around 60 standardized cephalograms were divided into Hypodivergent, Normodivergent, and Hyperdivergent groups (20 each) based on the FMA angle. The CBL, cranial flexure (CF), and various facial parameters were measured for each case. The results were analyzed for the correlation between Cranial and facial parameters in each of the three study groups.

RESULTS: Comparison and Pairwise Comparison of variables between study groups were done using ANOVA and Tukey's post hoc Test. Cranial base length, mandibular body length, LAFH, N-Me-Go angle ( p-value <0.001), and Jarabak's ratio were found to be significantly different between the groups. Pearson's Correlation showed that most of the facial parameters had a significant correlation with CBL in Hypodivergent groups.

CONCLUSION: The CBL is more closely related to facial parameters in vertical dysplasia individuals than CF. The CBL is positively correlated to facial variables, especially in Hypodivergent individuals. The N-Me-Go Angle introduced in the study was significantly different in all three vertical facial types studied; hence, it cannot be used as a valuable diagnostic tool.

CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Changes in the length and flexure of the cranial base influence the anteroposterior position of jaw bases. The influence of the cranial base on the development of vertical dysplasias is not studied much, hence the present study aims at resolving this lacuna in literature.

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