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A novel RNPC3 gene variant expands the phenotype in patients with congenital hypopituitarism and neuropathy.

INTRODUCTION: Pathogenic biallelic RNPC3 variants cause congenital hypopituitarism (CH) with congenital cataracts, neuropathy, developmental delay/intellectual disability, primary ovarian insufficiency, and pituitary hypoplasia. Here, we aimed to evaluate the clinical and molecular characteristics of two patients with CH and neuropathy.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Proband was evaluated by clinical, laboratory, and radiological exams followed by exome sequencing (ES). Clinical investigation of an affected sibling and variant segregation in the family was performed by Sanger sequencing. A three-dimensional protein model study was conducted to predict the effect of the variant on the function of the RNPC3 peptide.

RESULTS: Proband was a 16-month-old girl who was referred for the evaluation of failure to thrive. Her height, weight, and head circumference were 55.8 cm (-7.6 SDS), 6.5kg (-3.6 SDS), and 41.8 cm (-3.82), respectively. She had a developmental delay and intellectual disability. Central hypothyroidism, growth hormone, and prolactin deficiencies were identified, and MRI revealed pituitary hypoplasia. Electroneuromyography performed for the gait abnormality revealed peripheral neuropathy. A homozygous novel variant c.484C>T/p.(Pro162Ser) in the RNPC3 was detected in the ES. Her brother had the same genotype, and he similarly had pituitary hormone deficiencies with polyneuropathy.

CONCLUSION: Expanding our knowledge of the spectrum of RNPC3 variants, and apprehending clinical and molecular data of additional cases, is decisive for accurate diagnosis and genetic counseling.

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