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Sociodemographic and clinical predictors of delay to and length of stay with early intervention for psychosis service: findings from the CRIS-FEP study.

PURPOSE: We investigated the influence of sociodemographic and clinical characteristics on delay to early intervention service (EIS) and the length of stay (LOS) with EIS.

METHODS: We used incidence data linked to the Clinical Record Interactive Search-First Episode Psychosis (CRIS-FEP) study. We followed the patients from May 2010 to March 2016. We performed multivariable Cox regression to estimate hazard ratios of delay to EIS. Negative binomial regression was used to determine LOS with EIS by sociodemographic and clinical characteristics, controlling for confounders.

RESULTS: 343 patients were eligible for an EIS, 34.1% of whom did not receive the service. Overall, the median delay to EIS was 120 days (IQR; 15-1668); and the median LOS was 130.5 days (IQR 0-663). We found that women (adj.HR 0.58; 95%C I 0.42-0.78), living alone (adj.HR: 0.63; 95% CI 0.43-0.92) and ethnicity ('Other': adj.HR 0.47; 95% CI 0.23-0.98) were associated with prolonged delay to EIS. However, family involvement in help-seeking for psychosis (adj.HR 1.37; 95% CI 1.01-1.85) was strongly associated with a shorter delay to EIS. Patients who have used mental health services previously also experienced long delays to EIS.

CONCLUSIONS: Our analyses highlight the link between sociodemographic status, help-seeking behaviours, and delay to EIS. Our findings also show the vulnerability faced by those with a previous mental health problem who later develop psychosis in receiving specialist treatment for psychosis. Initiatives that ameliorate indicators of social disadvantage are urgently needed to reduce health inequalities and improve clinical outcomes.

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