JOURNAL ARTICLE
REVIEW
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Fracture Dislocations of the Glenohumeral Joint.

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Proximal humerus fracture dislocations typically result from high-energy mechanisms and carry specific risks, technical challenges, and management considerations. It is vital for treating surgeons to understand the various indications, procedures, and complications involved with their treatment.

RECENT FINDINGS: While these injuries are relatively rare in comparison with other categories of proximal humerus fractures, fracture dislocations of the proximal humerus require treating surgeons to consider patient age, activity level, injury pattern, and occasionally intra-operative findings to select the ideal treatment strategy for each injury. Proximal humerus fracture dislocations are complex injuries that require special considerations. This review summarizes recent literature regarding the evaluation and management of these injuries as well as the indications and surgical techniques for each treatment strategy. Thorough pre-operative patient evaluation and shared decision-making should be employed in all cases. While nonoperative management is uncommonly considered, open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF), hemiarthroplasty, and reverse total shoulder replacement are at the surgeon's disposal, each with their own indications and complication profile.

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