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Management of Post Ablative Barrett's Esophagus: a Review of Current Practices and Look at Emerging Technologies.

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Endoscopic eradication therapy is an effective and durable treatment for Barrett's esophagus (BE) related neoplasia, but even after achieving successful eradication, these patients remain at risk for recurrence and require ongoing routine examinations. The optimal surveillance protocol including endoscopic technique, sampling strategy, and timing are still being refined. The aim of this review is to discuss current management principles for the post ablation patient and emerging technologies to guide clinical practice.

RECENT FINDINGS: There is increasing evidence to support less frequent surveillance exams in the first year after complete eradication of intestinal metaplasia and a move towards targeted biopsies of visible lesions and sampling high-risk locations such as the gastroesophageal junction. Promising technologies on the horizon that could impact management include novel biomarkers, personalized surveillance intervals, and non-endoscopic approaches.

SUMMARY: Ongoing high-quality examinations after endoscopic eradication therapy are key to limiting recurrent BE. Surveillance intervals should be based on the pretreatment grade of dysplasia. Future research should focus on technologies and surveillance practices that are most efficient for patients and the healthcare system.

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