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Comparative Assessment of the Effect of Three Various Local Drug Delivery Medicaments in the Management of Chronic Periodontitis.

AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of three different local drug delivery medications in the treatment of chronic periodontitis.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty participants, aged 30-55 years, were involved in the current research. Participants who fulfilled the inclusion criteria entered the study and were allocated at random to one of the three groups, each comprising 20 patients as: group A: Scaling and root planing (SRP) with local application of doxycycline gel, group B: SRP with local application of tetracycline fibers, and group C: SRP with local application of chlorhexidine gel. The plaque index (PI), the gingival index (GI), and periodontal pocket depth (PPD) were documented at baseline visit (prior to local drug delivery), and these indices were again documented 30 and 90 days post-local drug delivery.

RESULTS: At baseline, GI score for doxycycline gel use decreased from 1.38 ± 0.05 to 0.94 ± 0.02, 1.36 ± 0.11 to 0.76 ± 0.19 for tetracycline fibers use, as well as from 1.38 ± 0.10 to 0.84 ± 0.21 for chlorhexidine gel use post 90 days. The PI value at baseline for doxycycline gel use lessened from 1.26 ± 0.01 to 1.02 ± 0.06, 1.30 ± 0.14 to 0.82 ± 0.16 for tetracycline fibers use, as well as 1.30 ± 0.22 to 0.98 ± 0.11 for chlorhexidine gel use post 90 days. At baseline, PPD values for doxycycline gel use decreased from 5.88 ± 0.24 to 3.72 ± 0.11, tetracycline fibers use lessened from 5.90 ± 0.09 to 3.02 ± 0.06, as well as for chlorhexidine gel group from 5.82 ± 0.18 to 3.44 ± 0.16 post 90 days.

CONCLUSION: Within the limitations of the current research, it may be inferred that tetracycline fibers exhibited somewhat superior enhancement to chlorhexidine as well as doxycycline gel.

CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Local administration of antibacterial agents in continued or regulated delivery arrangement is employed to augment the actions of nonsurgical periodontal management, and it may be likely to attain gingival well-being by eliminating the requirement for invasive methods with the aid of local drug delivery arrangements. Chosen elimination or prohibition of microbial pathogens with locally administered antibacterial agents coupled with SRP is an efficient move toward treatment of chronic periodontitis.

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