Journal Article
Meta-Analysis
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Review
Systematic Review
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Effectiveness of Community-Based Rehabilitation Interventions on Symptoms and Functioning for People with Schizophrenia: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Psychiatric Quarterly 2023 September
Schizophrenia is a serious mental illness that imposes huge burden of illness on the society. We aimed to conduct a meta-analytic and systematic review of literature on the effectiveness of community-based rehabilitation interventions on symptoms and functioning for people with schizophrenia. The PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, Web of Science, and CINAHL databases were searched through April 16 and 17, 2021, including clinical trial registries and previous Cochrane reviews. We included 24 randomized controlled trials in this review. The content of interventions varied from single-faceted rehabilitation intervention or cognitive retraining, to multi-component rehabilitation interventions or case management. Among 20 studies that reported effects of community-based rehabilitation interventions on symptoms, the pooled SMDs across all interventions was 0.94 (95% CI = 0.11, 1.76; P < 0.001; I2  = 99.1%; n = 3694), representing a strong effect. 21 included studies showed that community-based rehabilitation interventions also had beneficial impacts on functioning (SMD = 1.65; 95% CI = 0.88, 2.43; P < 0.001; I2  = 98.9%; n = 3734). Overall quality of evidence was moderate with a high level of heterogeneity. Community-based rehabilitation interventions have positive effectiveness in improving patients' symptoms and functioning. Community-based rehabilitation interventions should therefore be provided as an adjuvant service in addition to facility-based care for people with schizophrenia.

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