Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

CD44-positive Cancer Stem-like Cells as a Potential Source of Peritoneal Metastasis After Surgery.

BACKGROUND/AIM: The role of CD44 in gastric cancer-derived peritoneal metastasis is currently unknown. It was previously shown that viable, tumorigenic cancer cells are spilled into the peritoneal cavity during surgery, providing a potential cause of peritoneal recurrence after surgery. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the mechanism of peritoneal metastasis of gastric cancer through the expression of CD44 and to propose a method for preventing peritoneal recurrence.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Gastric cancer cell line MKN-45 was sorted into CD44+ and CD44- cells and then injected intraperitoneally into NOD/ShiJic-scidJcl mice. Differences in tumor-initiating capacity between the two groups were assessed using in vivo limiting dilution assays. Tumors harvested from both groups were examined for CD44 and ALDH1A1 expression using immunohistochemistry. The effects of CD44 blockade with anti-CD44 antibody on cell invasion and peritoneal metastasis formation in vivo were assessed.

RESULTS: CD44+ cells showed significantly higher efficiency in initiating peritoneal tumor than CD44- cells. Blockade of CD44 significantly reduced peritoneal dissemination of CD44+ cells in vivo, indicating that the CD44 function of intraperitoneally disseminated cancer cells helped promote the formation of peritoneal metastasis. The margin of established tumors showed clusters of cells co-expressing CD44 and ALDH1A1. Peritoneally administered CD44- cells resulted in peritoneal metastases consisting of CD44+ and CD44- cancer cells.

CONCLUSION: CD44 expressing cells are a potential source of peritoneal metastasis after surgery and could be a promising target for preventing peritoneal recurrence.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app