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Challenges and chances coexist: A visualized analysis and bibliometric study of research on bioresorbable vascular scaffolds from 2000 to 2022.

BACKGROUND: Bioresorbable scaffolds (BVS) provide a transient supporting force for blocked vessels and allow them to return to previous physiological characteristics. After verification with twists and turns, it has been acknowledged as an emerging revolution in percutaneous coronary intervention that expresses the current concept of intervention without placement. Through this bibliometric study, we organized the knowledge structure of bioresorbable scaffolds and attempted to predict future research hotspots in this field.

METHODS: seven thousand sixty-three articles were retrieved from the web of science core collection database from 2000 to 2022. Then, we utilize CiteSpace 6.1.R2, Biblioshiny and VOS viewer 1.6.18 to analyze the data visually.

RESULTS: First, according to the spatial analysis, the number of annual publications has shown an approximately increasing trend over the past 2 decades. The USA, the People's Republic of China, and GERMANY published the most articles on bioresorbable scaffolds. Second, SERRUYS P ranked first for his most prolific work and highest cited frequency in this domain. Third, the hotspots in this field can be inferred from the keyword distribution; they were the fabrication technique based on tissue engineering; the factors to be optimized for bioresorbable scaffolds, such as mechanical property, degradation, and implantation; and the common adverse effects of bioresorbable scaffolds, such as thrombosis. Most importantly, in terms of burst detection, we could speculate that cutting-edge technology for manufacturing scaffolds represented by 3D printing constitutes the future hotspots in bioresorbable scaffold development.

CONCLUSION: In the first visualized bibliometric analysis of BVS, we attempt to provide a panoramic view. By enrolling extensive literature, we review the growing trend of BVSs. Since its first introduction, it has been through periods of early prosperity, questioned safety subsequently and the resultantly advanced techniques in recent years. In future, the research should focus on utilizing novel techniques to consummate the manufacturing quality and assure the safety of BVSs.

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