ENGLISH ABSTRACT
JOURNAL ARTICLE
REVIEW
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[Update 2022: interdisciplinary statement on airway management with supraglottic airway devices in pediatric emergency medicine-The laryngeal mask is and remains state of the art : Joint statement of the Institute for Emergency Medicine and Medicine Management (INM), the University Clinic Munich, LMU Munich, Germany, the Working Group for Pediatric Critical Care and Emergency Medicine of the German Interdisciplinary Society for Critical Care and Emergency Medicine (DIVI), the Medical Directors of Emergency Medical Services in Bavaria (ÄLRD), the Scientific Working Group for Pediatric Anesthesia (WAKKA) of the German Society for Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine (DGAI), the Scientific Working Group for Emergency Medicine of the German Society for Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine (DGAI) and the Society of Neonatology and Pediatric Critical Care Medicine (GNPI)].

BACKGROUND: Airway management with supraglottic airway devices (SGA) in life-threatening emergencies in children is increasingly being used. Different specifications of laryngeal masks (LM) and the laryngeal tube (LT) are commonly used devices for this purpose. We present a literature review and interdisciplinary consensus statement of different societies on the use of SGA in pediatric emergency medicine.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Literature review in the PubMed database and classification of studies according to the criteria of the Oxford Centre for Evidence-based Medicine. Levels and consensus finding within the group of authors.

RESULTS: The evidence for successful applications of the various types of LM is significantly higher than for LT application. Reported smaller series of successful applications of LT are currently limited to selected research groups and centers. Especially for children below 10 kg body weight there currently exists insufficient evidence for the successful application of the LT and therefore its routine use cannot be recommended. SGAs used for emergencies should have a gastric drainage possibility.

DISCUSSION: Considering the scientific data and the large clinical experience with the LM in medical routine and emergency situations in children currently only the LM can be recommended for alternative (i.e., non-intubation) emergency airway management in children. If alternative airway management is part of a local emergency strategy, the LM should be provided in all pediatric sizes (1, 1½, 2, 2½, 3) for out of hospital use and in hospital emergency use and all users should regularly be trained in its application.

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