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In vivo quantitative MRI: T 1 and T 2 measurements of the human brain at 0.064 T.

Magma 2023 May 21
OBJECTIVE: To measure healthy brain [Formula: see text] and [Formula: see text] relaxation times at 0.064 T.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: [Formula: see text] and [Formula: see text] relaxation times were measured in vivo for 10 healthy volunteers using a 0.064 T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) system and for 10 test samples on both the MRI and a separate 0.064 T nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) system. In vivo [Formula: see text] and [Formula: see text] values are reported for white matter (WM), gray matter (GM), and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) for automatic segmentation regions and manual regions of interest (ROIs).

RESULTS: [Formula: see text] sample measurements on the MRI system were within 10% of the NMR measurement for 9 samples, and one sample was within 11%. Eight [Formula: see text] sample MRI measurements were within 25% of the NMR measurement, and the two longest [Formula: see text] samples had more than 25% variation. Automatic segmentations generally resulted in larger [Formula: see text] and [Formula: see text] estimates than manual ROIs.

DISCUSSION: [Formula: see text] and [Formula: see text] times for brain tissue were measured at 0.064 T. Test samples demonstrated accuracy in WM and GM ranges of values but underestimated long [Formula: see text] in the CSF range. This work contributes to measuring quantitative MRI properties of the human body at a range of field strengths.

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