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Association between red cell distribution width-to-platelet ratio and short-term and long-term mortality risk in patients with acute ischemic stroke.

BMC Neurology 2023 May 16
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to evaluate the association between red cell distribution width/platelet ratio (RPR) and 30-day and 1-year mortality in acute ischemic stroke (AIS).

METHODS: Data for the retrospective cohort study were collected from the Medical Information Mart for Intensive Care (MIMIC) III database. RPR was divided into two groups: RPR ≤ 0.11 and RPR > 0.11. The study outcomes were 30-day mortality and 1-year mortality from AIS. Cox proportional hazard models were utilized to assess the association between RPR and mortality. Subgroup analyses were applied based on age, tissue-type plasminogen activator (IV-tPA), endovascular treatment, and myocardial infarction.

RESULTS: A total of 1,358 patients were included in the study. Short- and long-term mortality occurred in 375 (27.61%) and 560 (41.24%) AIS patients, respectively. A high RPR was significantly associated with increased 30-day [hazard ratio (HR): 1.45, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.10 to 1.92, P = 0.009] and 1-year mortality (HR: 1.54, 95%CI: 1.23 to 1.93, P < 0.001) in AIS patients. Meanwhile, RPR was found to be significantly related to 30-day mortality in AIS patients aged < 65 years (HR: 2.19, 95% CI: 1.17 to 4.10, P = 0.014), without IV-tPA use (HR: 1.42, 95% CI: 1.05 to 1.90, P = 0.021), without using endovascular treatment (HR: 1.45, 95% CI: 1.08 to 1.94, P = 0.012), and without myocardial infarction (HR: 1.54, 95% CI: 1.13 to 2.10, P = 0.006). Additionally, RPR was associated with 1-year mortality in AIS patients aged < 65 years (HR: 2.54, 95% CI: 1.56 to 4.14, P < 0.001), aged ≥ 65 years (HR: 1.38, 95% CI: 1.06 to 1.19, P = 0.015), with (HR: 1.46, 95% CI: 1.15 to 1.85, P = 0.002) and without using IV-tPA (HR: 2.30, 95% CI: 1.03 to 5.11, P = 0.041), without using endovascular treatment (HR: 1.56, 95% CI: 1.23 to 1.96, P < 0.001), and without myocardial infarction (HR: 1.68, 95% CI: 1.31 to 2.15, P < 0.001).

CONCLUSION: Elevated RPR is associated with a high risk of short-term and long-term mortality in AIS.

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