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A case of spontaneous basal ganglia hemorrhage with contralateral extension utilizing the canal of Gratiolet.

BMC Neurology 2023 May 13
BACKGROUND: Intracranial hemorrhage accounts for 10-20% of stroke etiologies annually. Basal ganglia is the most common site for intracranial hemorrhage accounting for 50% of all cases. Bilateral spontaneous basal ganglia hemorrhages (BGH) are rare with few reported cases.

CASE PRESENTATION: We report an unusual case of a 69-year-old female who presented with a spontaneous bilateral basal ganglia hemorrhage secondary to a right BGH with contralateral extension through the anterior commissure (AC) utilizing the Canal of Gratiolet. Clinical course and imaging findings are discussed.

CONCLUSIONS: To our knowledge, this is the first case to specifically detail the extension of spontaneous hemorrhage across the AC via the Canal of Gratiolet, and imaging findings provide a novel depiction of AC anatomy and fiber distribution in a clinical context. These findings may explain the mechanism behind this rare clinical entity.

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