JOURNAL ARTICLE
META-ANALYSIS
REVIEW
SYSTEMATIC REVIEW
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Effects of tracheostomy timing in adult patients receiving mechanical ventilation: A systematic review and network meta-analysis.

PURPOSE: We performed a network meta-analysis (NMA) of multiple tracheostomy timings using data from randomized control trials (RCTs) to investigate the impact on patient prognosis.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, CENTRAL, ClinicalTrials.gov, and World Health Organization International Clinical Trials Platform Search Portal for RCTs on mechanically ventilated patients aged ≥18 years on February 2, 2023. We classified the timing of tracheostomy into three groups based on the clinical importance and previous studies: ≤ 4 days, 5-12 days, and ≥ 13 days. The primary outcome was short-term mortality, defined as mortality at any reported time point up to hospital discharge.

RESULTS: Eight RCTs were included. The results revealed no effect between ≤4 days vs. 5-12 days and 5-12 days vs. ≥ 13 days and a significant effect in ≤4 days vs. ≥ 13 days as follows: in ≤4 days vs. 5-12 days (RR, 0.79 [95% CI, 0.56-1.11]; very low certainty), ≤ 4 days vs. ≥ 13 days (RR, 0.67 [95% CI, 0.49-0.92]; very low certainty), and 5-12 days vs. ≥ 13 days (RR, 0.85 [95% CI, 0.59-1.24]; very low certainty).

CONCLUSIONS: Tracheostomy ≤4 days may result in lower short-term mortality than tracheostomy ≥13 days.

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