Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Chaperone-directed ribosome repair after oxidative damage.

Molecular Cell 2023 April 19
Because of the central role ribosomes play for protein translation and ribosome-mediated mRNA and protein quality control (RQC), the ribosome pool is surveyed and dysfunctional ribosomes degraded both during assembly, as well as the functional cycle. Oxidative stress downregulates translation and damages mRNAs and ribosomal proteins (RPs). Although damaged mRNAs are detected and degraded via RQC, how cells mitigate damage to RPs is not known. Here, we show that cysteines in Rps26 and Rpl10 are readily oxidized, rendering the proteins non-functional. Oxidized Rps26 and Rpl10 are released from ribosomes by their chaperones, Tsr2 and Sqt1, and the damaged ribosomes are subsequently repaired with newly made proteins. Ablation of this pathway impairs growth, which is exacerbated under oxidative stress. These findings reveal an unanticipated mechanism for chaperone-mediated ribosome repair, augment our understanding of ribosome quality control, and explain previous observations of protein exchange in ribosomes from dendrites, with broad implications for aging and health.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app