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The Lateral Meniscus Oblique Radial Tear (LMORT).

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The lateral meniscus oblique radial tear (LMORT) of the posterior horn is a relatively new term for one of the more common types of lateral meniscal tears found in patients with acute anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries. Given the importance of anatomical reduction and preservation of the lateral meniscus to maintain normal knee stability and slow the progression of early-onset osteoarthritis, LMORT classification and treatment guidelines have been formulated. This article provides a review of the prevalence, classification, biomechanics, surgical repair techniques, and outcomes related to LMORT injuries.

RECENT FINDINGS: Current research demonstrates favorable clinical results when LMORTs are surgically treated based on recent evidence. Biomechanically, repair of the higher grade 3 and 4 LMORT lesions have led to comparable results when compared to an intact lateral meniscus, and superior results when compared to partial meniscectomy and untreated tears. Ongoing research is aimed to determine the difference between LMORT repairs compared to intact lateral menisci at the time of ACL surgery regarding comparable patient outcomes. LMORT lesions are common tears of the lateral meniscus that should be treated surgically based on tear type at the time of ACL surgery. The benefit of doing so has already been demonstrated biomechanically.

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