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Multivariate analysis of seizure outcomes after resective surgery for focal epilepsy: a single-center study on 833 patients.

Neurosurgical Review 2023 April 19
The predictors of seizure outcomes after resective surgery for focal epilepsy, for an update on the features of good and poor outcomes, are investigated. A retrospective study of patients with focal epilepsy undergoing resective surgery from March 2011 to April 2019 was performed. There were 3 groups according to the seizure outcomes: seizure freedom, seizure improvement, and no improvement. Predictors of seizure outcomes were identified by multivariate logistic regression analysis. Of all 833 patients, 561 (67.3%) patients remained seizure-free at the last follow-up, 203 (24.4%) patients had seizure improvement, and 69 (8.3%) had no improvement. The mean follow-up duration was 5.2 years (range: 2.7 to 9.6). Predictors of better outcomes included epilepsy duration < 5 years, localized discharge, no. of antiepileptic drugs at surgery < 3, and temporal lobe resection. However, predictors of worse outcomes included intracranial hemorrhage in infancy, interictal abnormal discharge, intracranial electrode monitoring, and acute postoperative seizure. Our study suggests that resective surgery for focal epilepsy has satisfactory outcomes. Short epilepsy duration, localized discharge, and temporal lobe resection are positive predictors of seizure freedom. Patients with these predictors are intensively recommended for surgery.

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