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Analysis of related factors affecting hemoporfin-mediated photodynamic therapy for port-wine stain: A retrospective study.

BACKGROUND: Hemoporfin-mediated photodynamic therapy (HMME-PDT) is currently considered one of the most promising therapies for port-wine stain (PWS). However, the efficacy of this is very variable and needs further studies.

METHODS: A total of 101 patients with PWS in the face, neck, or extremities who received at least 2 HMME-PDT sessions were included in the study, and correlations of efficacy with age, gender, locations, treatment sessions, and PDL treatment history were analyzed.

RESULTS: The efficacy of HMME-PDT in patients with different ages, locations, and different numbers of prior PDL treatment showed constantly significant differences after 1/2/last session (p < .05). The number of treatments was associated with efficacy, and patients who received more than two sessions had a better response than those who underwent two sessions only (p < .001). Ordinal logistic regression analysis confirmed the above-mentioned associations. Nevertheless, patients of different sex, subtype, and lesion size showed no significant differences.

CONCLUSIONS: Our studies demonstrated that HMME-PDT is effective in the treatment of PWS. The more prior PDL treatments, older age, lips involvement, PWS on limbs were adverse factors for Hemoporfin-PDT, while multiple HMME-PDT sessions can improve effective and response rate. Besides, ambient temperature and lesions temperature should be concerned, local cooling provides some relief from pain but may influence effect.

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