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Echocardiographic profiles and hemodynamic response after vasopressin initiation in septic shock: A cross-sectional study.

PURPOSE: Vasopressin, used as a catecholamine adjunct, is a vasoconstrictor that may be detrimental in some hemodynamic profiles, particularly left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction. This study tested the hypothesis that echocardiographic parameters differ between patients with a hemodynamic response after vasopressin initiation and those without a response.

METHODS: This retrospective, single-center, cross-sectional study included adults with septic shock receiving catecholamines and vasopressin with an echocardiogram performed after shock onset but before vasopressin initiation. Patients were grouped by hemodynamic response, defined as decreased catecholamine dosage with mean arterial pressure ≥ 65 mmHg six hours after vasopressin initiation, with echocardiographic parameters compared. LV systolic dysfunction was defined as LV ejection fraction (LVEF) <45%.

RESULTS: Of 129 included patients, 72 (56%) were hemodynamic responders. Hemodynamic responders, versus non-responders, had higher LVEF (61% [55%,68%] vs. 55% [40%,65%]; p = 0.02) and less-frequent LV systolic dysfunction (absolute difference  -16%; 95% CI -30%,-2%). Higher LVEF was associated with higher odds of hemodynamic response (for each LVEF 10%, response OR 1.32; 95% CI 1.04-1.68). Patients with LV systolic dysfunction, versus without LV systolic dysfunction, had higher mortality risk (HR(t) = e[0.81-0.1*t] ; at t = 0, HR 2.24; 95% CI 1.08-4.64).

CONCLUSIONS: Pre-drug echocardiographic profiles differed in hemodynamic responders after vasopressin initiation versus non-responders.

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