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Factors Affecting COVID-19-Related Fear and Burnout in Surgical Nurses.

BACKGROUND: Surgical nurses face the risk of psychological problems while trying to cope with the challenges arising from the COVID-19 pandemic.

AIM: This study aimed to determine levels of COVID-19-related fear and burnout and affecting factors in surgical nurses.

DESIGN: The study has a descriptive, cross-sectional design.

METHODS: The study sample included 321 nurses working in surgical units and operation rooms in Turkey. Data were gathered with a sociodemographic and occupational characteristics form, the Fear of COVID-19 Scale and the COVID-19 Burnout Scale through a Google form between 1 August and 15 October in 2021. Obtained data were analyzed with independent groups t-test, One-Way ANOVA and simple and multiple linear regression analyses.

RESULTS: The nurses had moderate levels of fear (20.00 ± 6.77; Min-Max: 7-35) and burnout (29.52 ± 10.03; Min-Max:10-50) due to COVID-19. The female gender and belief in health staff shortage were predictive of fear and burnout related to COVID-19. Age was not predictive of COVID-19 fear and receiving education about COVID-19, exposure to violence, having adequate supplies of goggles/face shields and having a limited number of aprons/work wear were not predictive of COVID-19-related burnout. Fear of COVID-19 was predictive of COVID-19 burnout.

CONCLUSIONS: Female nurses and nurses believing in health staff shortage had higher levels of fear and burnout due to COVID-19. As COVID-19 fear increased, so did COVID-19 burnout. Nurses working in surgical units should be provided with education about coping strategies taking account of the factors affecting COVID-19-related fear and burnout.

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