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Notch Signaling-Modified Mesenchymal Stem Cell Patch Improves Left Ventricular Function via Arteriogenesis Induction in a Rat Myocardial Infarction Model.

For ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM) with limited therapeutic options, the induction of arteriogenesis has the potential to improve cardiac function through major restoration of blood flow. We hypothesized that transplantation of a Notch signaling-modified mesenchymal stem cell (SB623 cell) patch would induce angiogenesis and arteriogenesis in ischemic lesions, leading to improvement of left ventricular (LV) function in a rat ICM model. Two weeks after the induction of ischemia, SB623 cell patch transplantation into ICM rats (SB group, n = 10) or a sham operation (no-treatment group, n = 10) was performed. The LV ejection fraction was significantly improved at 6 weeks after SB623 cell patch transplantation ( P < 0.001). Histological findings revealed that the number of von Willebrand factor (vWF)-positive capillary vessels ( P < 0.01) and alpha smooth muscle actin (αSMA)- and vWF-positive arterioles with a diameter greater than 20 µm ( P = 0.002) was significantly increased in the SB group, suggesting the induction of angiogenesis and arteriogenesis. Moreover, rat cardiomyocytes treated with SB623 cell patch transplantation showed upregulation of ephrin-B2 ( P = 0.03) and EphB4 ( P = 0.01) gene expression, indicating arteriogenesis induction. In conclusion, SB623 cell patch transplantation improved LV function by inducing angiogenesis and arteriogenesis in a rat ICM model.

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