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Satralizumab: A Review in Neuromyelitis Optica Spectrum Disorder.

CNS Drugs 2023 March 19
Satralizumab (Enspryng® ) is a monoclonal antibody that blocks the interleukin-6 (IL-6) receptor and is approved for the treatment of neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) in patients who are aquaporin-4 immunoglobulin G (AQP4-IgG) seropositive. Patients with NMOSD are at risk of recurrent autoimmune attacks that primarily target the optic nerves and spinal cord but may also target other regions of the central nervous system; these attacks can lead to life-long disability. In the randomized, placebo-controlled phase III SAkuraSky and SAkuraStar trials, subcutaneous satralizumab as an add-on to immunosuppressive therapy or as a monotherapy, respectively, significantly reduced the risk of relapse compared with placebo in patients who were AQP4-IgG seropositive with NMOSD. Satralizumab was well tolerated; the most common adverse events were infection, headache, arthralgia, decreased white blood cell count, hyperlipidaemia and injection-related reactions. In the EU, satralizumab is the first IL-6 receptor blocker to be approved for treatment of AQP4-IgG-seropositive patients with NMOSD, has the potential advantage of subcutaneous administration, and is the only targeted treatment approved for adolescent patients with this disorder. Thus, satralizumab is a valuable treatment option for patients with NMOSD.

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