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Amputation surgery associated with shortened survival in patients with localized soft tissue sarcoma.

BACKGROUND: The objectives of this study were to clarify whether localized extremity soft tissue sarcoma (STS) patients who underwent amputation surgery experienced worsened survival and to identify those patients for whom amputation surgery worsened survival.

METHODS: Using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database, we identified 8897 patients with localized extremity STS between 1983 and 2016. Of these 6431 patients, 733 patients underwent amputation surgery (Amputation group), and 5698 underwent limb-sparing surgery (Limb-sparing group).

RESULTS: After adjusting for patient background by propensity score matching, a total of 1346 patients were included. Patients in the Amputation group showed worsened survival (cancer-specific survival (CSS): hazard ratio (HR) = 1.42, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.15-1.75, overall survival (OS): HR = 1.41, 95%CI 1.20-1.65). In subclass analysis, patients with high-grade STS, spindle cell sarcoma and liposarcoma in the Amputation group showed shortened survival (high-grade-CSS: HR = 1.44, 95%CI 1.16-1.77, OS: HR = 1.38, 95%CI 1.18-1.62; spindle cell sarcoma-CSS: HR = 4.75, 95%CI 1.56-14.4, OS: HR = 2.32, 95%CI 1.45-3.70; liposarcoma-CSS: HR = 2.91, 95%CI 1.54-5.50, OS: HR = 2.32, 95%CI 1.45-3.70).

CONCLUSIONS: Survival was shortened in localized extremity STS patients who received amputation surgery.

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