Clinical Trial
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
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Bictegravir/emtricitabine/tenofovir alafenamide plus doravirine in highly treatment-experienced men with multidrug-resistant HIV.

AIDS 2023 June 2
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of switching highly treatment-experienced people with HIV (HTE PWH) from rilpivirine/emtricitabine/tenofovir alafenamide (RPV/FTC/TAF) plus dolutegravir (DTG) to bictegravir/emtricitabine/tenofovir alafenamide (BIC/FTC/TAF) plus doravirine (DOR). A pharmacokinetic (PK) analysis was conducted to assess the potential interaction between BIC and DOR.

DESIGN AND METHODS: This open-label switch trial enrolled HTE PWH from a primary care private practice in the United States. Eligible participants were male, aged ≥45 years, with documented viral resistance to protease inhibitors, nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors, and/or nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors but no resistance to RPV or DOR, and no K65R or T69 insertion mutations. Virologic suppression (≤50 copies/ml) while on RPV/FTC/TAF plus DTG for ≥6 months was required prior to enrollment. The primary endpoint of the study was virologic suppression (<50 and <200 copies/ml) at 48 weeks. Secondary endpoints included safety, tolerability, changes in body mass index (BMI), and identification of PK parameters of BIC and DOR.

RESULTS: Twenty males [median age: 65 years (range, 46-74), median time since HIV diagnosis: 37 years (range, 12-42)] completed the study. BIC/FTC/TAF plus DOR was well tolerated with no serious or treatment-related adverse events reported and no appreciable changes in BMI from baseline to Week 48. At Week 48, 100% of participants had <50 viral copies/ml. PK parameters for BIC and DOR ( n  = 10) were consistent with published data.

CONCLUSIONS: Switching from RPV/FTC/TAF plus DTG to BIC/FTC/TAF plus DOR was well tolerated and efficacious in HTE men aged ≥45 years with HIV.

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