Prostaglandin E2-induced changes in the distribution of glycosaminoglycans in the isolated rat uterine cervix

D Cabrol, P Dubois, E Sedbon, E Dallot, J Legagneux, G Amichot, L Cedard, C Sureau
European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology 1987, 26 (4): 359-65
In order to study the hormonal control mechanisms of cervical ripening, we investigated the prostaglandin E2 (PGE2)-induced changes in the distribution of glycosaminoglycans (GAG) using hysterectomized and ovariectomized rats, leaving the vascularized uterine cervix in situ, as an animal model. In the first series of experiments, the GAG were measured in a control (n = 22 Wistar rats) and in a PGE2-treated group (n = 20 Wistar rats) without steroid supplementation. In the second series of experiments, the GAG were measured in a control (n = 19) and in a PGE2-treated group (n = 18) receiving estradiol and progesterone supplements. After PGE2 treatment in the two series of experiments, and despite being surgically isolated from the uterine corpus, the cervix was still able to undergo some of the structural changes associated with normal ripening (increased hydration and hyaluronic acid concentration). This suggests that PGE2, acting directly on the cervix, could be, at least in part, a modulator of biochemical events which underlie normal cervical maturation. The animal model described here seems to be suitable for studying the hormonal mechanisms of cervical ripening and the regulatory relationship between cervical maturation and myometrial contractility, which are probably subject to concordant endocrine regulation.

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