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Cerebral revascularization for complex middle cerebral artery aneurysms: surgical strategies and outcomes in a single center.

Neurosurgical Review 2023 March 15
Cerebral revascularization is the ultimate treatment for a subset of complex middle cerebral artery (MCA) aneurysms. The decision for the revascularization strategy should be made during the treatment process. This study aimed to summarize the revascularization strategies for different types of complex MCA aneurysms and their outcomes. The clinical data of patients with complex MCA aneurysms who underwent cerebral revascularization since 2015 were analyzed retrospectively. The aneurysms were classified according to the location and other main characteristics that affect the selection of surgical modalities. The corresponding surgical modalities and treatment outcomes were summarized. A total of 29 patients with 29 complex MCA aneurysms were treated with cerebral revascularization from 2015 to 2022. Treated aneurysms were located at the prebifurcation segment in 7 patients, bifurcation segment in 12 patients, and postbifurcation segment in 10 patients. Surgical modalities in the prebifurcation segment included four high-flow extracranial-to-intracranial (EC-IC) bypasses with aneurysm trapping or proximal occlusion, two IC-IC bypasses with aneurysm excision, and one combination bypass with aneurysm excision. In the bifurcation segment, surgical modalities included two low-flow EC-IC bypasses with aneurysm excision or trapping, six IC-IC bypasses with aneurysm excision, three combination bypasses with aneurysm excision, and one constructive clipping with IC-IC bypass. In the postbifurcation segment, surgical modalities included nine IC-IC bypasses with aneurysm excision and low-flow EC-IC bypass with aneurysm trapping. The revascularization strategy for prebifurcation aneurysms was determined based on the involvement of lenticulostriate arteries, whereas the strategy for bifurcation aneurysms was determined based on the number of distal bifurcations and the shape of the aneurysm. The location of the aneurysm determined the revascularization strategy for aneurysms in the postbifurcation segments. Angiography demonstrated that aneurysms were completely obliterated in 26 cases and shrank in 3 cases, and all bypasses except one were patent. The mean follow-up period was 47.5 months. Three patients developed hemiplegic paralysis, and one developed transient aphasia postoperatively due to cerebral ischemia. No new neurological dysfunction occurred in the other 25 patients with no recurrence or enlargement of aneurysms during the follow-up. Prebifurcation aneurysms involving the lenticulostriate arteries require proximal occlusion with high-flow bypass. Most of the other aneurysms can be safely excised or trapped by appropriate revascularization strategies according to their location and orientation.

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