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Immune-related thyroid dysfunction is associated with improved long-term prognosis in patients with non-small cell lung cancer treated with immunotherapy: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Journal of Thoracic Disease 2023 Februrary 29
BACKGROUND: Immunotherapy has changed the treatment landscape of lung cancer (LC), but its prognosis is still poor. Whether immunorelated thyroid dysfunction associated with the prognosis of LC patients remains controversial. We aimed to summarize the scientific evidence on whether thyroid dysfunction associated with immunotherapy for LC has a beneficial outcome on the survival of LC patients.

METHODS: We searched the databases of MEDLINE and Embase for articles published until 31 December 2021 that quantified the impact on non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients' survival of immune-related thyroid dysfunction. Study-specific data were pooled into hazard ratio (HR) and corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) using random effect models of meta-analysis. Meta-analysis was used to evaluate the relationship between immune-associated thyroid dysfunction and prognosis.

RESULTS: A total of 11 articles published between 2015 and 2021 were included, which encompassed a total of over 1,962 NSCLC patients. The studies differed in terms of design, patient characteristics, treatment received, rate/time to immunotherapy-related thyroid dysfunction, and duration of follow-up. But after immunotherapy, we extract survival data. Patients with immunotherapy-associated thyroid dysfunction had better progression-free survival (PFS) (HR 0.54, 95% CI: 0.44-0.64) and overall survival (OS) rate (HR 0.34, 95% CI: 0.25-0.44).

CONCLUSIONS: Thyroid dysfunction associated with immunotherapy is common and associated with a good prognosis. It can be used as a biological indicator of good prognosis of immunotherapy.

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