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Comparison of growth response and adverse reaction according to growth hormone dosing strategy for children with short stature: LG Growth Study.

OBJECTIVE: Growth hormone (GH) dosage in children is conventionally determined either by body weight (BW) or body surface area (BSA). However, there is no consensus on the calculation method for proper GH treatment dose. We aimed to compare growth response and adverse reactions between BW- and BSA-based GH treatment doses for children with short statures.

DESIGN: Data from 2284 GH-treated children were analyzed. Distributions of BW- and BSA-based GH treatment doses and their association with growth response parameters, including changes in height, height standard deviation score (SDS), body mass index (BMI), and safety parameters, such as changes in insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I SDS and adverse events, were investigated.

RESULTS: The mean BW-based doses were close to the recommended dose's upper limit in participants with GH deficiency and idiopathic short stature, while they were below the recommended dose in patients with Turner syndrome (TS). As age and BW increased, BW-based dose decreased, whereas BSA-based dose increased. Gain in height SDS was positively associated with BW-based dose in the TS group and negatively associated with BW in all groups. Despite having a lower BW-based dose, the overweight/obese groups had a higher BSA-based dose and higher frequencies of children with high IGF-I and adverse events than those of the normal-BMI group.

CONCLUSIONS: In children of older age or with high BW, BW-based doses can be overdosed in terms of BSA. and BW-based dose positively correlated with height gain only in the TS group. BSA-based doses represent an alternative dosing strategy in children who are overweight/obese.

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