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Assessment of bypass patency using transcranial Doppler sonography: correlations with computerized tomography angiography findings in patients with moyamoya disease.

To explore the utility of transcranial Doppler (TCD) findings when assessing bypass patency in patients with Moyamoya disease (MMD). Computed tomography angiography (CTA) and TCD sonography (TCDS) were performed before and after surgery to evaluate bypass patency. The peak systolic flow velocity (PSV) of the superficial temporal artery (STA) and the pulsatility index (PI) were compared between the groups that achieved patency and not, and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analyses were used to define the TCDS criteria revealing patency. This study included 35 hemispheres (15 women; mean age 47 years) with Moyamoya disease who underwent STA-middle carotid artery bypass in our institution between January 2022 and October 2022. The PSV first increased on postoperative days 4-5 and then decreased on postoperative days 6-7 and 7-8. Patients with transient neurological diseases (TNDs), compared to those without, evidenced a significantly lower PSV value (P < 0.05). Compared with the non-patency group, the PSV was higher (P < 0.001) in the patency group. The cutoff values reflecting patency with good sensitivity and specificity were PSV > 49.00; PSV ratio (postoperative/preoperative) > 1.218; PSV ratio (operation side/contralateral side) > 1.082; and PSV ratio (adjusted) > 1.202. In the patency group, the PSV and PI significantly increased (P < 0.001) and decreased (P < 0.001) respectively. Bypass patency can be noninvasively and accurately evaluated via TCDS, affording an objective basis for assessment of the effect of revascularization surgery on patients with MMD.

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