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Endothelial Progenitor Cells Affect the Growth and Apoptosis of Renal Cells by Secreting Microvesicles Carrying Dysregulated miR-205 and miR-206.

BACKGROUND: This study investigated the mechanism of microRNA (miRNA, miR) in microvesicles (MVs) secreted by endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) involved in renal function in vivo and in vitro injury repair of rat primary kidney cells (PRKs).

METHODS: Gene Expression Omnibus analysis of potential target miRNAs in nephrotic rats. Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction verified the correlation of these miRNAs and screened the effective target miRNAs and their downstream putative target mRNAs. Western blot analyzes the protein levels of DEAD-box helicase 5 (DDX5) and the activation of the proapoptotic factor caspase-3/9 (cleaved). Dil-Ac-LDL staining, immunofluorescence, and a transmission electron microscope (TEM) were used to identify the successful isolation of EPCs and PRKs and the morphology of MVs. Cell Counting Kit-8 was used to detect the effect of miRNA-mRNA on the proliferation of PRKs. Standard biochemical kits were used to detect biochemical indicators in rat blood and urine. Dual-luciferase analysis of miRNA binding to mRNA was conducted. The effect of miRNA-mRNA interaction on the apoptosis level of PRKs was analyzed by flow cytometry.

RESULTS: A total of 13 rat-derived miRNAs were potential therapeutic targets, and miR-205 and miR-206 were screened as the targets of this study. We found that the EPC-MVs alleviated the increase of blood urea nitrogen and urinary albumin excretion and the decrease in creatinine clearance caused by hypertensive nephropathy in vivo. The effect of MVs in improving renal function indicators was promoted by miR-205 and miR-206 and inhibited by knockdown of expressed miR-205 and miR-206. In vitro, angiotensin II (Ang II) promoted growth inhibition and apoptosis of PRKs, and similarly, dysregulated miR-205 and miR-206 affected the induction of Ang II. We then observed that miR-205 and miR-206 cotargeted the downstream target DDX5 and regulated its transcriptional activity and translational levels, while also reducing the activation of proapoptotic factors caspase-3/9. Overexpressed DDX5 reversed the effects of miR-205 and miR-206.

CONCLUSION: By upregulating the expression of miR-205 and miR-206 in MVs secreted by EPC, the transcriptional activity of DDX5 and the activation of caspase-3/9 can be inhibited, thereby promoting the growth of PRKs and protecting the injury caused by hypertensive nephropathy.

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