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Are the Costimulatory Molecule Gene Polymorphisms (CTLA-4) Associated With Infection in Organ Transplantation? A Meta-Analysis.

Organ transplantation has been linked to certain gene polymorphisms. The effect of gene polymorphisms-associated organ transplantation gene on infection, on the other hand, is yet unknown. The research studying the link between the CTLA-4 rs5742909, rs733618, rs4553808, rs231775, and polymorphisms of the organ transplantation gene and infection were found in PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, and Embase, and the published articles from 2012 to 2020 were gathered. For the best estimation of the intended results, a random-effects model was used in this meta-analysis. In this study, 1,567 studies were initially included and 9 eligible studies were eligible for further analyses. A significant correlation between CTLA4+49 [A/G-231775 odds ratio (OR) = 077, 0.59-0.95] and CTLA4 [rs5742909TT OR: 0.09, 0.27-0.45] gene polymorphism with infection in organ transplantation was observed. Also, no significant association was found between other CTLA4 gene polymorphisms with infection in organ transplantation. Further studies involving gene-gene and gene-diet interactions should be conducted to investigate this association with infection.

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