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Off-Hours Presentation, Door-to-Balloon Time, and Clinical Outcomes in Patients Referred for Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention.

OBJECTIVES: Presentation with ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) during off-hours may impact timely reperfusion and clinical outcomes. We investigated the association between off-hours presentation, door-to-balloon time, and in-hospital mortality in patients with STEMI referred for primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).

METHODS: We included consecutive patients referred for primary PCI at the University of Ottawa Heart Institute between July 2004 and December 2017. The off-hours group included patients presenting on weekends, statutory holidays, or between 18:00 to 07:59 hours on weekdays. The on-hours group included patients presenting between 08:00 and 17:59 hours on weekdays. The primary clinical outcome was the adjusted in-hospital mortality. The primary quality-of-care indicator was door-to-balloon time.

RESULTS: A total of 5132 patients were included, with 3152 (61.4%) in the off-hours group and 1980 (38.6%) in the on-hours group. The median door-to-balloon time was longer in the off-hours group compared with the on-hours group (102 minutes vs 77 minutes; P<.001), while the median onset-to-door time was similar (P=.40). There was no difference in the rates of in-hospital mortality (3.5% vs 3.0%; P=.32) or in the adjusted mortality (odds ratio, 1.2; 95% confidence interval, 0.8-1.8; P=.44) between off-hours and on-hours groups. However, door-to-balloon time was an independent predictor of in-hospital mortality (P<.01) and off-hours presentation was an independent predictor of longer door-to-balloon time (P<.001), with an excess of 22.1 minutes.

CONCLUSION: Patients treated with primary PCI during off-hours had longer door-to-balloon times. Treatment during off-hours was an independent predictor of longer door-to-balloon time and longer door-to-balloon times were associated with higher mortality.

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