Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Comparison between azacitidine and decitabine as front-line therapy in elderly acute myeloid leukemia patients not eligible for intensive chemotherapy.

We compared the efficacy of azacitidine (AZA) and decitabine (DEC) in elderly patients with untreated AML, diagnosed according to WHO criteria. In the two groups, we evaluated complete remission (CR), overall survival (OS) and disease free survival (DFS). The AZA and DEC groups included 139 and 186 patients, respectively. To minimize the effects of treatment selection bias, adjustments were made using the propensity-score matching method, which yielded 136 patient pairs. In the AZA and DEC cohort, median age was 75 years in both, (IQR, 71-78 and 71-77), median WBCc at treatment onset 2.5 × 109 /L (IQR, 1.6-5.8) and 2.9 × 109 /L (IQR, 1.5-8.1), median bone marrow (BM) blast count 30% (IQR, 24-41%) and 49% (IQR, 30-67%), 59 (43%) and 63 (46%) patients had a secondary AML, respectively. Karyotype was evaluable in 115 and 120 patients: 80 (59%) and 87 (64%) had intermediate-risk, 35 (26%) and 33 (24%) an adverse risk karyotype, respectively. Median number of cycles delivered was 6 (IQR, 3.0-11.0) and 4 (IQR, 2.0-9.0), CR rate was 24% vs 29%, median OS and 2-year OS rates 11.3 (95% CI 9.5-13.8) vs 12.0 (95% CI 7.1-16.5) months and 20% vs 24%, respectively. No differences in CR and OS were found within the following subgroup: intermediate- and adverse-risk cytogenetic, frequency of WBCc at treatment ≥ 5 × 10^9 L and < 5 × 10^9/L, de novo and secondary AML, BM blast count < and ≥ 30%. Median DFS for AZA and DEC treated patients was 9.2 vs 12 months, respectively. Our analysis indicates similar outcomes with AZA compared to DEC.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app