Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Icos gene disruption in NOD mice elicits myositis associated with anti-troponin T3 autoantibodies.

AIMS: Idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIM) are autoimmune inflammatory disorders leading to skeletal muscle weakness and disability. The pathophysiology of IIM is poorly understood due to the scarcity of animal disease models. Genetic deletion of Icos or Icosl (Inducible T-cell co-stimulator deficient/ligand) in non-obese diabetic (NOD) mice leads to muscle disease. Our aim was to characterise Icos-/- NOD myopathy and to search for novel autoantibodies (aAbs) in this model.

METHODS: Diabetes, weight, myopathy incidence/clinical score and grip strength were assessed over time. Locomotor activity was analysed with the Catwalk XT gait analysis system. Muscle histology was evaluated in haematoxylin/eosin and Sirius red-stained sections, and immune infiltrates were characterised by immunofluorescence and flow cytometry. 2D gel electrophoresis of muscle protein extracts and mass spectrometry were used to identify novel aAbs. NOD mice were immunised with troponin T3 (TNNT3) in incomplete Freund's adjuvant (IFA) and R848. An addressable laser-bead immunoassay (ALBIA) was developed to measure aAb IgG serum levels.

RESULTS: Icos-/- NOD mice did not exhibit diabetes but developed spontaneous progressive myositis with decreased muscle strength and altered locomotor activity. Muscle from these mice exhibited myofibre necrosis, myophagocytosis, central nuclei, fibrosis and perimysial and endomysial cell infiltrates with macrophages and T cells. We identified anti-TNNT3 aAbs in diseased mice. Immunisation of NOD mice with murine TNNT3 protein led to myositis development, supporting its pathophysiological role.

CONCLUSIONS: These data show that Icos-/- NOD mice represent a spontaneous model of myositis and the discovery of anti-TNNT3 aAb suggests a new autoantigen in this model.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app