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Hamartomatous Polyp of the Palatine Tonsil: A Case Report and Critical Literature Review.

Head and Neck Pathology 2023 Februrary 2
BACKGROUND: Hamartomatous polyp of the palatine tonsil is a rare benign tumor poorly recognized by clinicians and pathologists. We present a novel case report and provide a literature review about this diagnosis, highlighting its clinicopathological features and treatment modalities.

METHODS: We herein report a case of a 22-year-old female patient who complained of a foreign body sensation in her throat. She presented with a pedunculated polyp attached to her right palatine tonsil, which was noticed 15 years ago. An excisional biopsy was performed under local anesthesia, and the microscopic aspect confirmed the diagnosis of the hamartomatous polyp of the palatine tonsil. The literature review was performed using the "palatine tonsil polyps" term in PubMed and Google Scholar. Only English-language publications showing clinical and microscopic descriptions were selected as inclusion criteria.

RESULTS: As in our case report, this poorly understood lesion usually presents as a solitary, unilateral pedunculated mass attached to the palatine tonsil surface with nonspecific symptoms. The literature shows less than 100 cases reported, which reveals a lesion preference for male and young adult patients. Microscopically, it is characterized by disorganized proliferation of the connective tissue components indigenous to the involved site, with variable lymphangiectasia, which accounts for the diversity of the diagnostic term and its unknown incidence. Its treatment consists of excision of the polyp with or without tonsillectomy, and no recurrence or malignant transformation of these polyps has been reported.

CONCLUSION: The hamartomatous polyp of the palatine tonsil is challenging due to its rarity and lack of standardization of the terminology used in the literature. Including this diagnosis in the 5th edition of the World Health Organization Classification for Head and Neck Tumors is expected to contribute to a better understanding of this pathology.

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