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Factors Associated with Liver Fibrosis in Chinese Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease.

PURPOSE: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are frequently co-occurring diseases. Liver fibrosis (LF), with increasing incidence, has a prognostic value for NAFLD mortality. Our study aimed to investigate the relevant factors for FL in T2DM individuals with NAFLD.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 565 T2DM patients with NAFLD from Hebei General Hospital participated in the study. Patients underwent an abdominal ultrasound, a questionnaire and laboratory tests. The fibrosis-4 index (FIB-4) was used to evaluate LF, with FIB ≥1.3 indicating LF and FIB ≥2.67 indicating F3-4 fibrosis.

RESULTS: Compared with NLF group, LF group had higher levels of systolic blood pressure (SBP), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), and γ-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT). The glomerular filtration rate (GFR), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL), glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), and platelets (PLT) in LF patients were lower than those without LF. Patients with LF were older than those without LF. ALT, AST, and GGT in patients with severe LF were higher than those with mild LF, while platelet was lower. Age, SBP, duration of diabetes, ALT, AST, and GGT were positively correlated with FIB-4, while eGFR, TC, LDL, and HbA1c were negatively correlated with FIB-4. Logistic regression showed that age, SBP, ALT, GGT, LDL, and PLT were independently associated with LF.

CONCLUSION: For T2DM patients combined with NAFLD, older age, higher SBP, higher ALT, higher GGT, lower LDL, and lower PLT were relevant factors for LF.

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