Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Rapid-onset obesity, hypothalamic dysfunction, hypoventilation, and autonomic dysregulation syndrome - neuro-endocrine tumours (ROHHAD-NET): case series and learning points.

OBJECTIVES: Rapid-onset obesity with hypoventilation, hypothalamic dysfunction, autonomic dysregulation (ROHHAD) is a rare syndrome associated with high morbidity and mortality. Diagnosis is often challenging. We describe three cases of ROHHAD with heterogeneous presentations but some consistent clinical features, including hyperprolactinaemia at diagnosis. We highlight when the diagnosis of ROHHAD should be considered at an early stage.

CASE PRESENTATION: All three patients presented between 4 and 6 years old with rapid-onset obesity. They all have central hypoventilation requiring nocturnal BiPAP, varying degrees of hypothalamic dysfunction with hyperprolactinaemia being a consistent feature, and autonomic dysfunction. One patient has a neuro-endocrine tumour (NET) and two have glucose dysregulation.

CONCLUSIONS: High prolactin was a consistent early feature. Central hypoventilation and NET may present later and therefore regular sleep studies and screening for NETs are required. A high suspicion of ROHHAD is warranted in patients with rapid, early-onset obesity and hyperprolactinaemia without structural pituitary abnormality.

Full text links

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Group 7SearchHeart failure treatmentPapersTopicsCollectionsEffects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducingSeptember 1, 2017: JAMA CardiologyAssociations of albuminuria in patients with chronic heart failure: findings in the ALiskiren Observation of heart Failure Treatment study.CONCLUSIONS: Increased UACR is common in patients with heart failure, including non-diabetics. Urinary albumin creatininineJul, 2011: European Journal of Heart FailureRandomized Controlled TrialEffects of Liraglutide on Clinical Stability Among Patients With Advanced Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.Review

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Read by QxMD is copyright © 2021 QxMD Software Inc. All rights reserved. By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app