Relationships between IQ and neuropsychological measures in neuropsychiatric populations: within-laboratory and cross-cultural replications using WAIS and WAIS-R

M H Warner, J Ernst, B D Townes, J Peel, M Preston
Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology 1987, 9 (5): 545-62
Several studies have reported positive correlations between measures of intelligence (a quasi-subject variable) and level of performance on neuropsychological tests; few, however, have presented test results by IQ grouping, which could be useful for comparative purposes. The present study examined the relationships of WAIS and WAIS-R Full Scale IQ to performance on a neuropsychological battery consisting of the Halstead-Reitan Battery (HRB), the Wide Range Achievement Test (WRAT), and the Wechsler Memory Scale (WMS). Four mixed neuropsychiatric samples provided cross-cultural and within-laboratory replications, two tested with WAIS and two with WAIS-R. Means and standard deviations for each measure were presented by five IQ levels within each sample. IQ was strongly related to scores on problem-solving tasks, auditory and linguistic measures, memory tasks, academic achievement levels, and tactual imperceptions, while motor functioning and sensory suppressions were less strongly related to IQ. IQ level was related to educational level in all samples. Correlations of years of education with dependent variables in the two WAIS-R samples were strong and replicable for WRAT scores, verbal memory measures, linguistic errors on the Aphasia Screening Test, and finger-tapping speeds but not for other HRB measures. Finally, IQ-HRB relationships were compared to those reported for other populations.

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