Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

High-Frequency versus Low-Frequency Spinal Cord Stimulation in Treatment of Chronic Limb-Threatening Ischemia: Short-Term Results of a Randomized Trial.

INTRODUCTION: The objective of the study is to determine if high-frequency (1 kHz) spinal cord stimulation (SCS) is better than low-frequency SCS for pain relief in chronic limb-threatening ischemia (CLTI).

METHODS: HEAL-SCS trial was designed as an open-label, parallel-group, single-center randomized study with a 1:1 allocation ratio. The trial was conducted in Meshalkin National Medical Research Center between August 2018 and February 2020. Total 56 patients underwent screening, 50 were enrolled, 6 were rejected. The participants were randomized into 2 cohorts of 25 patients each by an external coordinator using an online tool. A neurosurgeon and a vascular surgeon both examined all patients and estimated the pain intensity using visual analog scale (VAS), quality of life with short-form-36 health survey (SF-36), and functional status by walking impairment questionnaire (WIQ) at 3 and 12 months. Tissue perfusion was evaluated for 34 patients using transcutaneous oxygen tension measurement (TcPO2) at baseline and in 12 months.

RESULTS: All 50 patients (84% men, median age 66.5 y.o) were available for primary outcome assessment 3 and 12 months after implantation. Intention-to-treat analysis demonstrated comparative advantage of HF-SCS over LF-SCS at 3 months with mean VAS score 2.8 (95% CI, 2.4; 3.2) and 3.3 (95% CI, 3.0; 3.6), respectively (p = 0.031). Clinical superiority of HF-SCS persisted at 12-month follow-up (p < 0.001). HF-SCS produced significantly greater pain relief by WIQ at 3 (p < 0.001) and 12 months (p = 0.009). Despite stair-climbing ability was better in HF-SCS group (p = 0.02), no significant difference between groups was found at 1-year post-op in terms of speed (p = 0.92) and distance scores (p = 0.68). Accordingly, the general and mental health domains of SF-36 were significantly better in HF-SCS at 12 months. Despite a tendency toward better resting oxygen pressure in HF-SCS group, there was no intergroup difference by TcPO2 (p = 0.076). Only 1 patient (2%) required above-the-knee amputation at 10 months after LF-SCS implantation.

CONCLUSION: High-frequency SCS provides better pain relief, life quality, and functional performance in patients with CLTI during short-term follow-up. The lack of perfusion difference between high-frequency and conventional SCS requires further examination to the possible long-term advantages of the method.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app