Journal Article
Systematic Review
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Immune thrombocytopenic purpura secondary to COVID-19 vaccination: A systematic review.

INTRODUCTION: This systematic review aimed to retrieve patients diagnosed with de novo immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) after COVID-19 immunization to determine their epidemiological characteristics, clinical course, therapeutic strategies, and outcome.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted the review using four major databases, comprising PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, and the Cochrane library, until April 2022. A systematic search was performed in duplicate to access eligible articles in English. Furthermore, a manual search was applied to the chosen papers' references to enhance the search sensitivity. Data were extracted and analyzed with the SPSS 20.1 software.

RESULTS: A total of 77 patients with de novo COVID-19 vaccine-associated ITP were identified from 41 studies, including 31 case reports and 10 case series. The median age of patients who developed COVID-19 vaccine-associated ITP was 54 years (IQR 36-72 years). The mRNA-based COVID-19 vaccines, including BNT16B2b2 and mRNA-1273, were most implicated (75.4%). Those were followed by the adenovirus vector-based vaccines, inclusive of ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 and vAd26.COV2.S. No report was found relating ITP to other COVID-19 vaccines. Most cases (79.2%) developed ITP after the first dose of COVID-19 vaccination. 75% of the patients developed ITP within 12 days of vaccination, indicating a shorter lag time compared to ITP after routine childhood vaccinations. Sixty-seven patients (87%) patients were hospitalized. The management pattern was similar to primary ITP, and systemic glucocorticoids, IVIg, or both were the basis of the treatment in most patients. Most patients achieved therapeutic goals; only two individuals required a secondary admission, and one patient who presented with intracranial hemorrhage died of the complication.

CONCLUSIONS: De novo ITP is a rare complication of COVID-19 vaccination, and corresponding reports belong to mRNA-based and adenovirus vector-based vaccines, in order of frequency. This frequency pattern may be related to the scale of administration of individual vaccines and their potency in inducing autoimmunity. The more the COVID-19 vaccine is potent to induce antigenic challenge, the shorter the lag time would be. Most patients had a benign course and responded to typical treatments of primary ITP.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app