RESEARCH SUPPORT, N.I.H., EXTRAMURAL
RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
RESEARCH SUPPORT, U.S. GOV'T, NON-P.H.S.
Clinical screening for Ph-like ALL and the developing role of TKIs.
Philadelphia chromosome-like acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph-like ALL) is a common subtype of B-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) with increasing frequency across the age spectrum. Characterized by a kinase-activated gene expression profile and driven by a variety of genetic alterations involving cytokine receptors and kinases, Ph-like ALL is associated with high rates of residual disease and relapse in patients treated with conventional chemotherapy. In this case-based review, we describe the biology of the 2 major ABL-class and JAK pathway genetic subtypes of Ph-like ALL, discuss current diagnostic testing methodologies, and highlight targeted inhibitor and chemo/immunotherapy approaches under clinical investigation in children, adolescents, and adults with these high-risk leukemias.
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