Selecting initial therapy in CLL.
Targeted therapy is a powerful treatment option in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) that has outperformed conventional chemoimmunotherapy in most clinical settings. Except for selected young, fit patients with a mutated immunoglobulin heavy chain variable region gene, most patients benefit from targeted therapy with either a continuous BTK inhibitor or 1-year fixed-duration venetoclax-obinutuzumab as first-line treatment of CLL. Treatment selection is driven by patient-, treatment-, and disease-related factors, encompassing patient preference, concomitant medications, comorbidities, safety profile of the regimen, and TP53 aberration. Clinical trials are actively investigating the simultaneous inhibition of Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK) and B-cell lymphoma 2 (BCL-2) proteins with or without a CD20 monoclonal antibody, which can achieve deep response in most patients (52%-89% undetectable minimal residual disease in bone marrow).
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