JOURNAL ARTICLE
RESEARCH SUPPORT, N.I.H., EXTRAMURAL
REVIEW
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Neuromotor Rehabilitation Interventions After Pediatric Stroke: A Focused Review.

Pediatric stroke is a condition that often results in life-long motor, cognitive, or sensory deficits for children. The purpose of this focused review is to compile the most recent literature on pediatric stroke neuromotor interventions and summarize evidence for use by rehabilitation providers and researchers. Terms including stroke, pediatric, and neuromotor were searched with appropriate MeSH terms. Information was collected regarding interventions conducted and outcome measures used for each article. Interventions and outcome measures were organized based on ICF components (Body Structure and Function, Activity, Participation, and Environmental Factors). 16 articles were included after full-text screens. From these 16 articles, a large majority of them included some form of neuromodulation as a part of intervention. Results identified a potentially problematic gap between domains addressed by interventions and measured by outcomes, with a need to include more expansive outcome measures in research studies. There are several areas of potential growth in pediatric stroke literature. Research studies should be precise when describing included samples. As interventions for pediatric stroke shift toward neuromodulation and other neurologic treatments, there is a need for well-defined populations, both clinically in the community as well as in research studies. There is also a need for US guidelines for rehabilitation after pediatric stroke. Overall, the trend in the literature seems to suggest that combining some form of neuromodulatory technique with existing recommended rehabilitation technique (ex: CIMT) may promote overall recovery for children after stroke, though further research is needed.

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