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Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter-2 Inhibitors-Miracle Drugs for the Treatment of Chronic Kidney Disease Irrespective of the Diabetes Status: Lessons from the Dedicated Kidney Disease-Focused CREDENCE and DAPA-CKD Trials.

Diabetic kidney disease (DKD) is the leading cause of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end-stage kidney disease worldwide. In Japan, the proportion of new patients requiring dialysis due to DKD has remained unchanged over the past five years. Early diagnosis and treatment are extremely important for the prevention of DKD progression. Albuminuria is the most promising biomarker currently available for diagnosing DKD and predicting its prognosis at an early stage; however, it has relatively poor specificity and sensitivity for DKD. Measuring the serum levels of tumor necrosis factor receptors (TNFRs; TNFR1 and TNFR2) is an alternative for predicting the prognosis of patients with CKD, irrespective of their diabetes status. Cardiorenal risk factor management and renin-angiotensin system inhibitor usage are effective in slowing the DKD progression, although the residual risk remains high in patients with DKD. Recently, two classes of antihyperglycemic agents, sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors and glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists, in addition to nonsteroidal selective mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists, which are less potent blood pressure-lowering and potassium-sparing agents, have emerged as cardiorenal disease-modifying therapies for preventing the DKD progression. This review focused on the SGLT2 inhibitor-based therapeutic strategies that have demonstrated cardiorenal benefits in patients with type 2 diabetes.

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Group 7SearchHeart failure treatmentPapersTopicsCollectionsEffects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducingSeptember 1, 2017: JAMA CardiologyAssociations of albuminuria in patients with chronic heart failure: findings in the ALiskiren Observation of heart Failure Treatment study.CONCLUSIONS: Increased UACR is common in patients with heart failure, including non-diabetics. Urinary albumin creatininineJul, 2011: European Journal of Heart FailureRandomized Controlled TrialEffects of Liraglutide on Clinical Stability Among Patients With Advanced Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.Review

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